The use of Lithium Iron Phosphate (LFP) in EV batteries has historically been favoured by Chinese manufacturers, but other OEMs have started to use LFP which is expected to take up 40% of the global battery market by 2030.
LFP batteries are cobalt and nickel free, resulting in cheaper manufacturing costs.
LFP batteries contain critical raw materials, which the UK has limited supplies, namely lithium and graphite. Since it strives for industrial independence, it is necessary that we can recycle these raw materials locally from end-of-life batteries.
At our EV Battery Recycling Technology Centre, we are the only company in the UK producing battery ready cathode active materials (CAM) from spent batteries. Our demonstration line allows us to categorise a mixed feed (NMC, LFP, LCO and primary nickel), produce samples for qualification and scale-up technologies for commercial plants.
The LFP from UK end-of-life batteries will be “recycled and upcycled” for testing in new batteries by Imperial College under a UK Government Faraday Battery Challenge grant to show recovered materials perform the same as commercial cathodes.
Altilium is a UK based Clean Tech group supporting the shift of the global energy sector from fossil-based to zero-carbon. We believe recovering battery materials from existing waste streams, such as mine tailings and lithium scrap are critical to making new batteries with a lower carbon footprint than mined materials.